Catechism Grades 8-12
Catechism Lessons for Grades 8-12
Dates listed are the dates which memory work is recited.
Question 24: How are these articles divided?
Answer: Into three parts; the first is of God the Father, and our creation; the second of God the Son, and our redemption; the third of God the Holy Spirit, and our sanctification.
Question 25: Since there is but one only divine essence, why speakest thou of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit?
Answer: Because God has so revealed himself in his word, that these three distinct persons are the one only true and eternal God.
January 13: Lord's Supper
Question 26: What believest thou when thou sayest, “I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth?"
Answer: That the eternal Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (Who of nothing made heaven and earth, with all that is in them; who likewise upholds and governs the same by His eternal counsel and providence) is for the sake of Christ His Son, my God and my Father; on whom I rely so entirely, that I have no doubt, but He will provide me with all things necessary for soul and body and further, that he will make whatever evils he sends upon me, in this valley of tears turn out to my advantage; for He is able to do it, being Almighty God, and willing, being a faithful Father.
Question 27: What dost thou mean by the providence of God?
Answer: The almighty and everywhere present power of God; whereby, as it were by his hand, he upholds and governs heaven, earth, and all creatures; so that herbs and grass, rain and drought, fruitful and barren years, meat and drink, health and sickness, riches and poverty, yea, and all things come, not by chance, but by His fatherly hand.
Question 28: What advantage is it to us to know that God has created, and by his providence does still uphold all things?
That we may be patient in adversity; thankful in prosperity; and that in all things, which may hereafter befall us, we place our firm trust in our faithful God and Father, that nothing shall separate us from His love; since all creatures are so in His hand, that without His will they cannot so much as move.
Question 29: Why is the Son of God called “Jesus,” that is a Savior?
Answer: Because He saveth us, and delivereth us from our sins; and likewise, because we ought not to seek, neither can find salvation in any other.
Question 30: Do such then believe in Jesus the only Savior, who seek their salvation and welfare of saints, of themselves, or anywhere else?
Answer: They do not; for though they boast of Him in words, yet in deeds they deny Jesus the only deliverer and Savior; for one of these two things must be true, that either Jesus is not a complete Savior; or that they, who by a true faith receive this Savior, must find all things in Him necessary to their salvation.
Question 31: Why is he called “Christ,” that is anointed?
Answer: Because He is ordained of God the Father, and anointed with the Holy Spirit, to be our chief Prophet and Teacher, Who has fully revealed to us the secret counsel and will of God concerning our redemption; and to be our only High Priest, Who by the one sacrifice of His body, has redeemed us, and makes continual intercession with the Father for us; and also to be our eternal King, Who governs us by His word and Spirit, and Who defends and preserves us in that salvation, He has purchased for us.
Question 32: But why art thou called a Christian?
Answer: Because I am a member of Christ by faith, and thus am partaker of His anointing; that so I may confess His Name, and present myself a living sacrifice of thankfulness to Him: and also that with a free and good conscience I may fight against sin and Satan in this life and afterwards reign with Him eternally, over all creatures.
Question 33: Why is Christ called the “only begotten Son” of God, since we are also the children of God?
Answer: Because Christ alone is the eternal and natural Son of God; but we are children adopted of God, by grace, for His sake.
Question 34: Wherefore callest thou him “our Lord?"
Answer: Because He hath redeemed us, both soul and body, from all our sins, not with silver or gold, but with His precious blood, and has delivered us from all the power of the devil; and thus has made us His own property.
Question 35: What is the meaning of these words “He was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the virgin Mary?"
Answer: That God's eternal Son, Who is, and continues true and eternal God, took upon Him the very nature of man, of the flesh and blood of the virgin Mary, by the operation of the Holy Spirit; that He might also be the true seed of David, like unto His brethren in all things, sin excepted.
Question 36: What profit dost thou receive by Christ's holy conception and nativity?
Answer: That he is our Mediator; and with His innocence and perfect holiness, covers in the sight of God, my sins, wherein I was conceived and brought forth.
March 17: Lord's Supper
Question 37: What dost thou understand by the words, “He suffered?"
Answer: That He, all the time that He lived on earth, but especially at the end of His life, sustained in body and soul, the wrath of God against the sins of all mankind: that so by His passion, as the only propitiatory sacrifice, He might redeem our body and soul from everlasting damnation, and obtain for us the favor of God, righteousness and eternal life.
Question 38: Why did he suffer “under Pontius Pilate, as judge?"
Answer: That He, being innocent, and yet condemned by a temporal judge, might thereby free us from the severe judgment of God to which we were exposed.
March 31: Spring Break
Question 39: Is there anything more in his being “crucified”, than if he had died some other death?
Answer: Yes there is; for thereby I am assured, that he took on Him the curse which lay upon me; for the death of the cross was accursed of God.
Question 40: Why was it necessary for Christ to humble himself even "unto death?"
Answer: Because with respect to the justice and truth of God, satisfaction for our sins could be made no otherwise, than by the death of the Son of God.
Question 41: Why was he also "buried?"
Answer: Thereby to prove that he was really dead.
Question 42: Since then Christ died for us, why must we also die?
Answer: Our death is not a satisfaction for our sins, but only an abolishing of sin, and a passage into eternal life.
Question 43: What further benefit do we receive from the sacrifice and death of Christ on the cross?
Answer: That by virtue thereof, our old man is crucified, dead and buried with Him; that so the corrupt inclinations of the flesh may no more reign in us; but that we may offer ourselves unto Him a sacrifice of thanksgiving.
Question 44: Why is there added, "He descended into hell?"
Answer: That in my greatest temptations, I may be assured, and wholly comfort myself in this, that my Lord Jesus Christ, by His inexpressible anguish, pains, terrors, and hellish agonies, in which He was plunged during all His sufferings, but especially on the cross, has delivered me from the anguish and torments of hell.
Question 45: What does the “resurrection” of Christ profit us?
Answer: First, by His resurrection, He has overcome death, that He might make us partakers of that righteousness which He had purchased for us by His death; secondly, we are also by His power raised up to a new life; and lastly, the resurrection of Christ is a sure pledge of our blessed resurrection.
Question 46: How dost thou understand these words, “he ascended into heaven?"
Answer: That Christ, in sight of His disciples, was taken up from earth into heaven; and that He continues there for our interest, until He comes again to judge the quick and the dead.
Question 47: Is not Christ then with us even to the end of the world, as He has promised?
Answer: Christ is very man and very God; with respect to his human nature, he is no more on earth; but with respect to his Godhead, majesty, grace and spirit, he is at no time absent from us.
Question 49: Of what advantage to us is Christ's ascension into heaven?
Answer: First, that He is our advocate in the presence of His Father in heaven; secondly, that we have our flesh in heaven as a sure pledge that He, as the Head, will also take up to Himself, us, His members; thirdly, that He sends us His Spirit as an earnest, by whose power we "seek the things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God, and not things on earth.”
Question 50: Why is it added, “and sitteth at the right hand of God?"
Answer: Because Christ is ascended into heaven for this end, that he might appear as head of his church, by whom the Father governs all things.
Question 51: What profit is this glory of Christ, our head, unto us?
Answer: First, that by His Holy Spirit He pours out heavenly graces upon us His members; and then that by His power He defends and preserves us against all enemies.
REMEMBER -Dates listed are the dates which memory work is recited.